Evidentiary Issues In A Fire/Arson Investigation: The Jack Dempsey Case

In 1995 Jack Dempsey was convicted for setting fire to a Cleveland, Ohio building. Firefighters found Mr. Dempsey unconscious in the basement of the building as it burned. Police charged him with arson and he served more than six years in prison. However, his conviction has been overturned and he has been awarded more than $300,000 in damages. You can read about the case and Mr. Dempsey’s settlement here: http://www.cleveland.com/metro/index.ssf/2016/02/cleveland_man_wrongfully_convi.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. There are additional resources on this case listed here:

After reading the assigned chapter (Chapter 17) and the provided resources about the case, please answer the following questions about the case. Be sure to use scholarly and professional sources to support your assertions. Cite your sources throughout the body of your work and list your references at the end of your initial post:

  • Based on the chapter reading and the provided case history, analyze commonly accepted forensic techniques and contemporary specialized techniques regarding fire/arson investigation focusing on whether or not they were used in this case and how that use, or failure to use, influenced the investigation.  Discuss why you think police believed Mr. Dempsey set fire to the building? Briefly define cognitive bias then discuss what role cognitive bias may play in classifying a fire as an arson.
  • Discuss some motives for committing arson including the most common. Based on what you read in the news story, did it appear that Mr. Dempsey had any motive to set the building on fire? Evaluate accepted methodologies employed in contemporary crime scene management and how these methodologies were or were not employed in this investigation.
  • Generally speaking, what are the challenges for CSIs with determining whether a fire scene is actually arson or simply an accident? Include a brief explanation of how to process and retrieve trace evidence in a fire scenario.

Text

Dutelle, A. W. (2016). An introduction to crime scene investigation (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlet

  • Chapter 17: Arson and Explosive Investigations

Assignment 2: Factors In Favor of and Against

Assignment 2: Factors In Favor of and Against

Finding “factors for” and “factors against” a position is a versatile tool for critical thinkers. In this assignment, you will practice this technique more formally by examining one of several contemporary issues.

Using your readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research methods for creating arguments using factors for and factors against an issue.

Select a topic for use in this assignment. It is recommended that you choose a topic that is personally meaningful or interesting to you.

I CHOSE “Gun control: Increasing restrictions on the civilian possession of non-hunting guns.” 

For the selected topic, complete the following:

  1. Construct at least six reasons for and six reasons against the topic. Rank the reasons in terms of strength and effectiveness.
  2. Explain why you identified each argument as either strong or weak in each category.

Include the following two parts in your completed assignment:

  • Part 1: Compile a matrix (using the template below) that lists and ranks six arguments for and six arguments against the issue you have selected. Rank the reasons for each side of the issue from strongest to weakest.
  • Part 2: After you have compiled your matrix, write a 500–700-word paper in Word format. This essay should explain and synthesize the information in your matrix. Defend why you have ranked each argument as either strong or weak. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Include both parts of your assignment in a single document, using the template found here. Name your file: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria

  • Completed the matrix to help critically analyze the selected topic and built six arguments for and six arguments against the issue.Provided an essay that explains and defends the ranking of reasons, showing comprehension, analysis, and evaluation of subject matter.
  • Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Assignment 2: Factors In Favor of and Against

Finding “factors for” and “factors against” a position is a versatile tool for critical thinkers. In this assignment, you will practice this technique more formally by examining one of several contemporary issues.

Using your readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research methods for creating arguments using factors for and factors against an issue.

Select a topic for use in this assignment. It is recommended that you choose a topic that is personally meaningful or interesting to you.

I CHOSE “Gun control: Increasing restrictions on the civilian possession of non-hunting guns.” 

For the selected topic, complete the following:

  1. Construct at least six reasons for and six reasons against the topic. Rank the reasons in terms of strength and effectiveness.
  2. Explain why you identified each argument as either strong or weak in each category.

Include the following two parts in your completed assignment:

  • Part 1: Compile a matrix (using the template below) that lists and ranks six arguments for and six arguments against the issue you have selected. Rank the reasons for each side of the issue from strongest to weakest.
  • Part 2: After you have compiled your matrix, write a 500–700-word paper in Word format. This essay should explain and synthesize the information in your matrix. Defend why you have ranked each argument as either strong or weak. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Include both parts of your assignment in a single document, using the template found here. Name your file: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria

  • Completed the matrix to help critically analyze the selected topic and built six arguments for and six arguments against the issue.Provided an essay that explains and defends the ranking of reasons, showing comprehension, analysis, and evaluation of subject matter.
  • Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

The Marketing Plan

The marketing plan format is one that is utilized by major corporations all over the country. However, writing a comprehensive marketing plan is a difficult and challenging task, yet, the ability to write such a plan is critical to the development of a marketing manager and an organization. As you draw to the culmination of this course, apply all that you have learned to develop a comprehensive marketing plan.

Directions:

Identify a company you would like to use for this assignment. This should be an organization that you are familiar with, or have access to their information. You will complete a comprehensive marketing plan, which will include an analysis of their current market situation. In other words, ask yourself: Is the industry growing? What is the market share for the organization that they represent? Who is the dominant player in the marketplace? Remember, you will need to justify your approach using market research and data.

The second step in the process is the actual writing of the plan. Think about the following: What are the goals and objectives for the organization? What is the timing of the plan? What resources will be required to achieve the plan? What are the financial goals?

In your marketing plan, be sure to include the following sections:

I. Executive Summary and Table of Contents

In the executive summary, make sure you address all the main goals and objectives of your plan. These goals and objectives need to be clear, measurable, and reasonable.

II. Situational Analysis

A situational analysis presents a snapshot of the market in its current state by describing the company’s products/services, target segments, distribution networks, and position of the products/services in the segment, along with competing offerings and relative positioning. It includes current and future assessment of the business conditions and challenges. Within your situational analysis, analyze all the following points:

•Market summary

•SWOT analysis

•Competitor analysis

•Product offering

•Keys to success

•Critical issues

•Pricing

III. Marketing Strategy

The marketing strategy describes the planned direction and goals of the marketing activities, incorporating facts and assumptions about the market size, growth, and financial objectives. Think about the following questions: Where do you see your business going in the next 3-5 years? What is unique about your product portfolio? How will you tell the consumer about your products and unique value proposition? How will you stay connected to your target market’s needs and wants? How will you price your product? Within your market analysis, be sure to address the following:

•Mission

•Marketing objectives

•Product positioning

•Marketing mix (4 Ps)

•Marketing research

IV. Financials

The financials of the marketing plan describe a set of five-year revenue, cost, and profit projections for the marketing plan, including any initial startup costs, sales by channel and segment, and profit margins. Think about the following questions: How much do you plan to sell? What are your factory cost targets? What is your profit target by percent and dollar amount? Remember to include the following in your financials:

•Sales Forecast

•Profit targets

V. Controls

The controls of the marketing plan describe the budget tactical activities for implementing the plan, as well performance benchmarks for each activity. These include pricing, product configuration, promotion, and distribution performance benchmarks, and plans for changing any of the parameters if performance measures are not met. They are in place to measure forecast and profit attainment. Forecasts should be reviewed monthly and quarterly. Secondly, a 12-month calendar should be developed to clearly target specific dates for product introductions and promotional activity.

Remember to include the following:

•Milestones

•Implementations and timelines

VI. Summary

The summary of the marketing plan should summarize the plan by summarizing the size and scope of the opportunity, and reiterating the STP (segmentation, targeting, positioning) and 4 P (product, price, place, promotion) elements of the plan. It should tell the reader that the plan is real, how you will win, and why it is worth pursuing as an organization (RRW). This section should be no longer than one page.

Remember to review the grading criteria as you write the plan to ensure you address all needed elements.

Write an 8–12-page report in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Blog #1 (due Wednesday): Post your blog following the directions below (20 points possible) Peer Feedback (due Friday): 2 comments to peers’ blogs (5 points possible)

Blog #1 (due Wednesday): Post your blog following the directions below (20 points possible) Peer Feedback (due Friday): 2 comments to peers’ blogs (5 points possible)

While we have learned that technologies have impacted societies for thousands of years, our current connections with technology are vastly changing our interactions with each other, the jobs we do, and the like. Find an online news article related to changes in technology that is interesting to you. In 400 words write your blog answering the questions outlined below and submit to the Blog #1 – Technology forum. Carefully review the blog guidelines and grading rubric before you begin.

What are the essential concepts, ideas, and/or insights presented by the author of the article? (No quotations! Paraphrase and cite your sources.)

What connection can you make to the course concepts and ideas related to technology, innovation, and social change? (No quotations! Paraphrase and cite your sources.)

How might we best adapt to new technologies? What new type of society may come from the changes? What additional research or ideas on this topic should be explored?

You are encouraged to add images to your blog post such as photos, graphs, or other visuals that help make your points.

Please be sure to include a link to your article in your blog post and cite your sources from the week’s materials.

Click on the Blog #1 link and simply select “Create Thread” to submit your blog by Wednesday. You are then required to post at least 2 follow-up responses to your peers due no later than Friday at 11:59pm. Note, you will not be able to view other group members’ blogs until you post your own.

For peer responses, focus on giving feedback on what other connections to the course materials the blog could make.

Evaluating Disparate Impact

Assignment 3: Evaluating Disparate Impact
and Employee Selection
Note: There are 4 pages total to refer to for this first assignment. Make sure to read all 4 pages
in this document.
You are employed as an HR consultant for a mid-sized bank. The bank employs 200 tellers
across its branches. You need to recommend to the bank what to consider when hiring for the
position of Bank Teller. At this point you have completed Assignment 2 and you have created
a selection system for the job of a Bank Teller. Now you are moving to Assignment 3 to verify
the selection system works properly.
For this second assignment there are two main tasks you need to complete:
• Assignment 3: Part A Evaluating Disparate Impact Discrimination
• Assignment 3: Part B Reflection on Employee Selection
Both tasks should be included in one document 2 to 5 pages in length, double spaced, use
tables when needed, and use APA format for referencing and citing. Include a cover page and a
reference page.
The following pages describe the rubric that will be used to measure your work and detailed
instructions for completing this assignment.
(Continues for the next 3 pages)
1
Criteria
Grade A
5 points
Grade B
4.25 points
Grade C
3.75 points
Grade D
3.25 points
Grade F0
points
Part A
Evaluating
Disparate
Impact
Discrimination
All answers are
correct with a
thorough
explanation.
All answers are
correct with a
limited explanation.
One or more
answers are
incorrect or
unclear.
Two or more
answers are
incorrect or
unclear.
Completely
missing or
incorrect.
Part B
Reflection on
Employee
Selection Q 1-5
All answers are
correct with a
thorough
explanation.
All answers are
correct with a
limited
explanation.
One or more
answers are
incorrect or
unclear.
Two or more
answers are
incorrect or
unclear.
Completely
missing or
incorrect.
Part B
Reflection on
Employee
Selection Q6
All components of
an employee
selection process
are thoroughly
explained.
All components of
an employee
selection process
are explained, yet
not in detail.
One or
more component
s are missing or
unclear.
Two or
more component
s are missing or
unclear.
Completely
missing or
incorrect.
Writing
Mechanics
Strictly adheres to
standard usage
rules of
mechanics:
Conventions of
written English,
including, but not
limited to
capitalization and
punctuation and
spelling. No errors
found. No jargon
used.
Adheres to standard
usage rules of
mechanics:
Conventions of
written English,
including
capitalization and
punctuation and
spelling. One to
three errors found.
Minimally
adheres to
standard usage
rules of
mechanics:
Conventions of
written English,
including
capitalization
and punctuation
and spelling.
Over three errors
found.
Does not adhere
to standard
usage rules of
mechanics:
Conventions of
written English,
including
capitalization
and punctuation
and spelling.
Over ten errors
found.
Completely
missing or
incorrect.
APA Guidelines
for in-text
citations and
References
The paper
correctly cites intext
and lists at
least three
resources on the
References
page. If
additional sources
are used, they are
included correctly.
The majority of intext
citations and
the reference are
properly cited;
formatting is
inconsistent/inaccur
ate in a few cases.
References are
cited but
incorrectly under
APA style. The
student has
either used
another format
or incorrectly
applied the APA
style guidelines.
Inconsistent or
missing in-text
citations; fails to
attribute an
author’s word
through APA
citations.
Completely
missing or
incorrect.
Overall Score Grade A
22.5 or more
Grade B
20 or more
Grade C
17.5 or more
Grade D
15 or more
Grade F
0 or more
2
Disparate impact discrimination is considered unintentional. This form of discrimination indicates that all applicants
were treated equally; however, this equal treatment had an unequal effect related to a protected characteristic. The most
common approach to identify adverse impact is to apply the four-fifths rule. The fourfifths rule states that adverse impact
exists if the selection ratio of the minority group is less than four-fifths (or 80 percent) of the selection ratio of the majority
group. A selection ratio is the percentage of those hired based on the percentage of those who applied for the job. Selection
ratios must be calculated for each protected group. The selection ratio of the minority group is compared with the selection
ratio of the majority group (often “males” or “Caucasians”). The simplest way to calculate adverse impact is to divide the
selection ratio of the minority group by the selection ratio of the majority group. If the result is less than 80%, then adverse
impact exists.
For example, the bank collected the following data over the past five years:
Males applied = 200 Females applied = 300 Males
hired = 40 Females hired = 45
Based on this information, the selection ratio for men is 20% (40/200), whereas the selection ratio for women is 15%
(45/300). Dividing the minority group (the group with the lower selection ratio, women) by the majority group (in this
case, men) results in an answer of 75% (15%/20%). Since the result is less than 80%, adverse impact exists. The
organization needs to explore the selection process to identify what may be the cause of this disparity. In this part of the
exercise, you will conduct this analysis.
The bank compiled selection data on three racial groups during the past year: Caucasians, African-Americans and Latinos.
The data is as follows:
Number applied Number hired
Caucasians 90 27
African-Americans 50 10
Latinos 40 10
1.
The selection ratios for the three groups are:
Caucasians = _________________________
African-Americans = ___________________
Latinos = ____________________________
2. Does adverse impact exist when you compare the African-American applicant pool with the Caucasian applicant pool?
Show your work.
3. Does adverse impact exist when you compare the Latino applicant pool with the Caucasian applicant pool? Show your
work.
Evaluating the Selection System
You have now created a selection system for the job of a teller.
The final step in a selection system is to make sure the system works properly.
As discussed in the overview, there are two ways to ensure that the system is working. One approach takes a legal
perspective to ensure that organizations do not discriminate in hiring.
There are two types of discrimination: disparate treatment and disparate impact (also known as adverse impact).
Disparate treatment discrimination refers to treating applicants differently based on a protected characteristic (for
example, age, sex, national origin, religion). An example of disparate treatment discrimination is not considering women
for leadership positions. This type of discrimination is considered intentional and therefore easy to identify and correct or
prevent.
Assignment 3: Part A
Evaluating Disparate Impact Discrimination
3
ASSIGNMENT 3: Reflection on Employee Selection
1. You have made a number of decisions in creating, implementing and evaluating a selection system for
bank tellers. Which of these decisions do you think is most critical? Why?
2. An employee selection approach to hiring is more complex than hiring employees based on who they know
or casually scanning a résumé and asking a few “off the cuff” questions for an interview. When you think
about your work experiences, do you think the organizations you worked for took an employee selection
approach when hiring?
3. If you answered yes to question 2, do you think the organization was effective in hiring employees? If
you answered no to question 2, do you think the organization should have adopted a selection approach
to hiring?Explain your response.
4. What do you perceive as the overall advantages and disadvantages of an employee selection approach to hiring?
Assignment 3: Part B
Reflection on Employee Selection
5. Based on this exercise, would you recommend an employee selection process to hiring for virtually
any job? Why or why not?
6. Describe the components of an employee selection process in order to reflect on the fundamental aspects
of employee selection your learned from completing Major Assignments 1, 2 and 3. The answer to
question 6 should be 2-3 pages long in order to be complete and thorough.
4